What Are The Different Types Of Access Control?

Access Control system is an essential part of the total security system of any premises. They are the electronic system that is controlled through a network to which they have access. They recognize an identity, authenticates it and then finally authorizes the entry of the identity. Thus, it provides complete protection from any trespassing or unwanted people at any business premises. Based on the type of situation and the need of the organization there are different types of access control systems. Some of the most important ones are discussed below.

Different types of access control system

As mentioned every organization has their specific security needs. To cater to that need there are various kinds of access control system available in the industry. In organizations where high security is necessary, there is an access control system like the door controllers, biometric, card readers and others. Each and every access point are controlled by using different types of door access control systems. In order to use the access control system, it is necessary that network security is maintained to the utmost.

Biometric Access Control System

The most common if all access control system is the Biometric access control system. It is mainly used for maintaining time attendance which is captured by using the fingerprints of the employees. Through the software, it can capture, track and record the data that are input by the employees as well as visitors.

In a biometric access control system, the data is captured by fingerprints and not by the card system. This is the most important difference between them and the card access control systems. The basic purpose of use of both is almost the same that is to capture the entry and exit timings. They are also used at different confidential places so that the entry to that place is permitted to a privileged few.

Proximity Access Control System

This is another access control system that is used in more confidential places. Whether used at offices, banks or factory they provide a safer environment. They are installed at any place in such a way that a passerby will not able to see them. The proximity cards are handed over to those who have the privilege to enter the premises. When the cards are near the card reader they can read it and the doors open. The user does not have to swipe the card or use their fingerprints. When the cards come in proximity to the system it gives access.

This type of control system is best for high-security areas where the control system should not be disclosed to the passersby.  It is thus a security system that is quite tough to breach.

Door Access Control Systems

There is a door access control system that is compact, standalone and low cost. They are ready to use and can be installed easily. They are mainly used at different places like the Server room, offices, data centers, airports and others.

Based on the type of building they are protecting they can be linked to a standardized location. Then they are administered from a central location. There are different types of door access control systems. Most common ones use card readers for allowing the passersby to pass through while there are others that are more sophisticated and the entry is granted by an administrator.

Security Access Control System

Apart from authorizing someone to enter a building an access control system is also used for security purposes. Thus, there are various kinds of security access control system which are mainly used for maintaining the security of the place. The systems mainly have sensors which are paled at different locations of the premises, be that a personal home or office. When the sensor senses something it activates the alarm. In turn, the alarm will connect to the automatic dialer for informing about the breach of security.

Some of the common types of security access controls system are closed-circuit TVs, card access systems, infra-red automation and security systems, and others. They can be wired or wireless based on the system that is used in the premises where the system is installed for providing security.

Modern access control systems

Technology is gifting mankind with something or other every other day and thus in an access control system so there are wide innovations. There is something more than card access control systems where one can use their smartphones for gaining access to any room. By using the apps of the security access control system it is possible to allow someone enters the premises even when the owner is far away. There is even cloud-based access control system where the total control can be managed from a central location. These are best for security managers who have to manage the security of multiple locations.

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